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Ultimate Compliance Comparison

NIST SP 800-171 versus GDPR


Explore the differences between NIST SP 800-171 and GDPR. 

 

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Explore and contrast NIST SP 800-171 and GDPR

NIST SP 800-171 and GDPR are both data protection regulations that aim to protect the privacy and security of personal data. NIST SP 800-171 is a US government standard that applies to all organizations that handle Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) and requires them to implement specific security controls. GDPR is an EU regulation that applies to all organizations that process personal data of EU citizens. It requires organizations to implement a wide range of data protection measures and provides individuals with enhanced rights over their personal data. Both standards provide similar protections, but GDPR is much more comprehensive and has a broader scope.



What is NIST SP 800-171?

NIST SP 800-171 is a security standard published by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to protect Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) in nonfederal information systems and organizations. The standard outlines security requirements for safeguarding CUI and provides a baseline of security controls and processes to help organizations protect their data. The standard includes requirements for access control, system and information integrity, audit and accountability, and other security measures. It also provides guidance on how organizations should implement the requirements, including recommendations for security policies, procedures, and technical measures. NIST SP 800-171 is intended to help organizations protect their CUI and maintain compliance with applicable laws and regulations.



What is GDPR?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is an EU regulation that was implemented on May 25, 2018. It is designed to give EU citizens more control over their personal data and to protect their privacy. The GDPR applies to any organization that collects, stores, or processes personal data of EU citizens, regardless of where the organization is located. The GDPR requires organizations to be more transparent and accountable in how they handle personal data. It also requires organizations to obtain explicit consent from individuals for the use of their data, and to provide individuals with the right to access and erase their data. Organizations must also take steps to protect personal data from misuse, unauthorized access, and data breaches. Failure to comply with the GDPR can result in significant fines.



A Comparison Between NIST SP 800-171 and GDPR

1. Both are focused on data privacy and security.

2. Both emphasize the need for organizations to have a comprehensive security program in place.

3. Both require organizations to implement technical and administrative controls to protect data.

4. Both require organizations to provide appropriate training and awareness programs for employees.

5. Both require organizations to have a data breach response plan in place.

6. Both require organizations to conduct periodic risk assessments.

7. Both emphasize the need for organizations to have appropriate data retention and disposal policies.

8. Both require organizations to have appropriate data access controls in place.



The Key Differences Between NIST SP 800-171 and GDPR

1. NIST SP 800-171 focuses on the protection of Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) while GDPR is focused on the protection of personal data.

2. NIST SP 800-171 applies to US government contractors and subcontractors while GDPR applies to all organizations that process personal data of EU citizens.

3. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to implement security controls while GDPR requires organizations to implement data protection measures.

4. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to document and report their security compliance while GDPR requires organizations to demonstrate their compliance with GDPR.

5. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to implement technical safeguards for CUI while GDPR requires organizations to implement technical and organizational measures for personal data.



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