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Ultimate Compliance Comparison

NIST SP 800-171 versus ASD Essential 8


Explore the differences between NIST SP 800-171 and ASD Essential 8. 

 

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Explore and contrast NIST SP 800-171 and ASD Essential 8

NIST SP 800-171 is a set of security requirements for protecting Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) in non-federal information systems and organizations. ASD Essential 8 is an Australian government initiative to provide a strategic approach to cyber security. While both frameworks promote strong security measures, NIST SP 800-171 focuses on specific technical requirements related to CUI, while ASD Essential 8 provides a more holistic approach to cyber security, covering areas such as identity management, patching, and configuration management.



What is NIST SP 800-171?

NIST SP 800-171 is a set of security requirements issued by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). It is intended to protect Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) that is processed, stored, or transmitted in nonfederal systems and organizations. The requirements cover 14 areas of security, including access control, system and communications protection, and incident response. The document also provides guidance on how to implement the requirements. It is intended to be used by organizations that handle CUI, such as contractors and vendors, to ensure that their systems and processes are secure.



What is ASD Essential 8?

The ASD Essential 8 is a set of security strategies developed by the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD) to help organizations protect their systems and data from cyber-attacks. It consists of eight key strategies that organizations should implement in order to reduce the risk of a successful cyber-attack. These strategies include application whitelisting, patching applications and operating systems, restricting administrative privileges, configuring Microsoft Office macro settings, implementing least privilege, using multi-factor authentication, implementing application control, and monitoring and auditing. By implementing these strategies, organizations can reduce the risk of a successful cyber-attack and protect their systems and data.



A Comparison Between NIST SP 800-171 and ASD Essential 8

1. Both focus on protecting Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI).

2. Both emphasize the need for strong authentication and access control measures.

3. Both require the implementation of an incident response plan.

4. Both emphasize the need for a secure system configuration.

5. Both require regular patching of systems, applications and firmware.

6. Both require the implementation of a comprehensive system monitoring and logging program.

7. Both require the implementation of data encryption and data loss prevention measures.

8. Both emphasize the need for regular security awareness training for all personnel.



The Key Differences Between NIST SP 800-171 and ASD Essential 8

1. NIST SP 800-171 focuses on protecting Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) while ASD Essential 8 focuses on protecting all types of sensitive information.

2. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to implement specific security controls, while ASD Essential 8 provides a set of high-level security principles.

3. NIST SP 800-171 is a more detailed and comprehensive set of security requirements than ASD Essential

8.

4. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to document their security processes and procedures, while ASD Essential 8 does not.

5. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to implement security controls on all systems, while ASD Essential 8 focuses on protecting systems from external threats.

6. NIST SP 800-171 focuses on data security, while ASD Essential 8 focuses on system security.

7. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to report any security incidents, while ASD Essential 8 does not.

8. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to conduct regular security assessments, while ASD Essential 8 does not.



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