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Ultimate Compliance Comparison

NIST SP 800-171 versus ASD IRAP


Explore the differences between NIST SP 800-171 and ASD IRAP. 

 

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Explore and contrast NIST SP 800-171 and ASD IRAP

NIST SP 800-171 and ASD IRAP are two different sets of security requirements that organizations must adhere to in order to ensure the security of their systems and data. NIST SP 800-171 is a set of security requirements developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for organizations that handle Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI). ASD IRAP is a set of security requirements developed by the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD) for organizations that handle Sensitive and Protected Information (SPI). Both sets of requirements focus on protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data, but NIST SP 800-171 is more comprehensive and includes additional requirements for identifying, protecting, detecting, responding to, and recovering from security incidents. ASD IRAP is more tailored to the Australian context, and also includes additional requirements for personnel security and physical security.



What is NIST SP 800-171?

NIST Special Publication (SP) 800-171 is a publication from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) that provides guidance on protecting Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) in nonfederal information systems and organizations. It is designed to help organizations understand the security requirements for protecting CUI and outlines the 14 security controls that must be implemented to protect CUI. The publication also provides guidance on how to assess the security of a system and how to develop a risk management plan. Additionally, SP 800-171 provides a security assessment checklist to help organizations assess their security posture and ensure that their systems are compliant with the requirements.



What is ASD IRAP?

The ASD Information Security Registered Assessors Program (IRAP) is a government-run accreditation program that provides independent assessment and certification of the security of information systems used by Australian Government agencies. The program is managed by the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD) and is designed to ensure that government agencies have appropriate security controls in place to protect their information assets. Under the program, ASD assesses the security of information systems by conducting a series of tests and assessments to determine the level of security of the system. The assessments are conducted by accredited assessors and the results are reported to the agency responsible for the system. The ASD IRAP also provides guidance and advice to agencies on how to improve the security of their systems.



A Comparison Between NIST SP 800-171 and ASD IRAP

1. Both standards require organizations to maintain a secure environment for their information systems and data.

2. Both standards require organizations to implement security controls and processes to protect their data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction.

3. Both standards require organizations to implement risk management processes to identify, assess, and mitigate risks to their information systems and data.

4. Both standards require organizations to implement processes for monitoring and logging security-related events.

5. Both standards require organizations to implement processes for regularly testing the effectiveness of their security controls.

6. Both standards require organizations to implement processes for responding to security incidents and reporting them to the appropriate authorities.



The Key Differences Between NIST SP 800-171 and ASD IRAP

1. NIST SP 800-171 applies to all federal agencies, while ASD IRAP applies only to Australian government entities.

2. NIST SP 800-171 focuses on protecting Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI), while ASD IRAP focuses on protecting Protected Information (PI).

3. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to implement security measures to protect CUI, while ASD IRAP requires organizations to implement security measures to protect PI.

4. NIST SP 800-171 has 14 security categories and 110 security requirements, while ASD IRAP has 4 security domains and 25 security controls.

5. NIST SP 800-171 requires organizations to conduct periodic risk assessments, while ASD IRAP requires organizations to conduct annual audits.



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