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ISO 27001: A Beginner’s Guide

Looking to take on an ISO 27001 certification or have you chosen to build your ISMS around ISO 27001? This beginner's guide is for you. We will cover several topics around ISO 27001, what it is, the purpose, and more.


What is ISO 27001?

ISO 27001 is an ISO framework that helps companies manage the risks to their business. It stands for International Standards Organization, an independent organization with representatives from various countries who agree on standards and policies.

ISO has developed ISO27001 in response to the growing need for international standards and this document is designed as a management tool against security risks, including intentional threats or accidental events. 

ISO 27001 provides guidelines for security management systems in order to protect information assets at any time during their life cycle. An ISO Audit is also another way of assessing the effectiveness of a company’s security management system.  

The ISO 27001 framework is a set of guidelines that helps companies manage the risks to their business. It provides guidelines for security management systems in order to protect information assets at any time during their life cycle and includes elements such as risk assessment, resource availability or data classification.  

An ISO audit can also be carried out by assessing the effectiveness of a company’s security management system - but what are we talking about?

In this article, we'll discuss how you can get started with ISO27001 and why having it if your company deals with confidential data or has customers around the world is so important. 


ISO Framework and the Purpose of ISO 27001

The ISO framework is a combination of policies and processes for organizations to use. This framework helps organizations of any size or industry to protect their information, through the adoption of an Information Security Management System (ISMS). ISO 27001 is an ISO standard for ISMS that provides guidelines to an organization on how best to protect their information assets from intentional threats or accidental events, which can be broken down into three stages: 

  • The Design Stage - creating the policies and procedures that will help you meet your objectives

  • Implementation & Operation- ensuring that the ISO27001 security policies are carried out daily

  • Assurance - taking ISO 27001 objectives and implementing them to ensure they work as expected. ISO 27001 ensures that your data is safe during any stage of its life cycle, from design through destruction. 

Why Is This Standard So Important? 

The Standard is an important milestone for every company aiming to protect themselves and their data. Companies can also certify against ISO 27001, providing a valuable assurance of protection to clients and partners. 

Individuals can get certified by attending a course and passing the exam. The certification proves their skills to potential employers. ISO 27001 is a recognized standard around the world; because of this, it will be easier for organizations to find more work opportunities. 

ISO27001 certificates can be achieved by adopting and implementing ISO 27001 standards in the company – also known as an ISO Audit, which will assess how well your security management system meets ISO requirements. An ISO audit consists of one or more internal audits (also called self assessments) followed by a final independent assessment undertaken by a ISO27001-certified auditor. The internal audits will assess the organization’s ability to satisfy ISO requirements, while the final independent assessment determines whether ISO 27001 has been correctly implemented by conducting an audit of your ISMS against ISO checklist document in order to see if the company is able to prove that their security management system meets ISO standards. 


What is an ISMS? 

An Information Security Management System (ISMS) is a set of guidelines that companies need to establish in order to: 

  • Identify what stakeholders (specifically) want to know about the company's information security and how it meets their needs

  • Use all the controls and other risk treatment methods

  • Continuously monitor if the implemented controls work as expected

  • Identify the potential risks for the information
  • Define controls and other mitigation methods to limit or eliminate the risks
  • Set clear objectives for the information security team
  • Make continuous improvements that will benefit the ISMS system

These rules can be formally documented as policies, procedures, and other types of documents or established processes and technologies that are not documented. ISO 27001 identifies which documents must exist at a minimum. 



In conclusion, ISO 27001 is the international best practice for information security management and therefore its benefits transcend many industries. ISO27001 certification isn't just about ISO itself but also how well you follow those guidelines which mean once organizations receive their certificates they must maintain them through continuous evaluation and improvement.

The process of getting ISO certification starts with identifying what you'll need in order to successfully implement ISO standards - these include things such as procedures, roles or responsibilities then doing an inventory audit first to see if ISO27001 is a good fit for your organization; including identifying all the risks and starting with an analysis of what they are (e.g. new information systems, outsourcing etc.). Lastly, get certified by hiring a qualified auditor who will assess whether you're meeting ISO compliance standards or not.


If you would like more details on how ISO 27001 will benefit your organization, then contact 6clicks today. 

Here's how 6clicks automates your ISO 27001 compliance automation, quickly.

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